Ayurveda in British period could not flourish much as the British East India Company promoted western medicine. However, the contributions of few ayurvedic scholars helped in sustaining the reputation of indigenous medicine.
Ayurveda in later Vedic period developed significantly with information being collected from Vedas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads and Sutra literature. The Sushruta School and Charaka School of Ayurveda developed during this period.
The basic principle of Ayurveda is to strike a balance between the four main components of life that are soul, mind, senses and the body. Principles of Ayurveda aim at establishing such a state in which the function and structure of an individual operates optimally and that individual attains a state of mental, physical and spiritual equilibrium.
Basti, which is also termed as `Ardha Chikitsa` in Ayurveda, is specifically framed to cure the major diseases of the body. Basti therapy treats the entire length of the colon and eliminates the accumulated faecal from the dhatus as well as the aama from the dhatus.
Vamana is the process of throwing out the impure materials and doshas from the body. In this process the infected doshas are thrown out of the body by medication of emetics. The treatment is most effective in case of Kapha dosha.
Nasya in Ayurveda is also described as an effective therapeutic cleansing of the head region. Nasya is clearly indicated in the diseases of the head and the neck. Nasya therapy helps in relieving a number of diseases in the body.